A major outbreak of measles has been occurring in Pakistan during 2013. The disease is most prevalent during October through December and the southern province of Sindh is at particularly high risk at the moment as a result of significant flooding events that have recently occurred there. According to data reported by WHO, over 1,000 cases of the disease have occurred in the last 6 months.
Measles is a highly contagious vaccine-preventable disease caused by the measles virus, a member of the genus Morbillivirus in the family paramyxoviridae. It is spread by droplets or direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected persons or, less commonly, by airborne spread or by objects that have been freshly soiled with secretions of nose and throat. Measles is one of the most readily transmitted communicable diseases and is probably the best known, and most deadly, of all childhood rash/fever illnesses.