Both CCHF and brucellosis are endemic diseases in Pakistan, but the development of appropriate surveillance, prevention and control programs is difficult due to a lack of reliable information about the occurrence and distribution of these zoonoses.
Through funding provided by a World Bank grant being implemented by Massey University, a project entitled ‘Seroprevalence and factors associated with risks of Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) and brucellosis in human and livestock populations in two districts (Killa Saif Ullah and Sibi) in Baluchistan and in two districts (Bannu and Manshera) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces’ is being conducted by national and provincial ‘One-Health’ teams in each province.
The project is comprised of two studies. The first is a cross-sectional seroprevalence survey to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis and CCHF in livestock and humans in contact with livestock in two districts in each of Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) provinces and the second is a spatio-temporal analysis of cases of CCHF in humans.
During these two studies blood samples are being collected from about 1,500 humans, 3,000 small ruminants and 640 cattle from 480 selected households. Questionnaires are being used to collect human demographic and CCHF and brucellosis exposure data and knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) related to those diseases.
Currently, the One-Health project team in Baluchistan is well on track to get all their sampling completed by the end of October, with 185 of 240 households having already been sampled.
In total, nearly 2,000 animals have been sampled in this project so far.
Full results of the project will be presented at the Pakistan National One Health Symposium planned for October 18, 2013 in Islamabad.